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The pancreas is an oblong flattened gland, approximately six inches long and located deep in the abdomen. It lies sandwiched between the spine and stomach. The head of the pancreas is on the right side of the abdomen and is connected to the duodenum. The narrow end of the pancreas, called the tail, extends to the left side of the body. The deep of location that makes the diagnosis of the pancreas disease become difficult.

Pancreas location image

Pancreas location

The pancreas is a part of digestive system, it function is essential in two ways: producing digestive juice and blood sugar regulated hormones such as insulin and glucagon.

With appropriate cells staining, it can distinguish that pancreas containing two main different type of tissue, first clusters of cells called as islets of langerhans, which produce hormones that underline the endocrine functions of the pancreas, and the second clusters are acinar cells, it belong to the exocrine function that produce digestive enzymes into the gut via system of duct. (more…)

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